How to save statistics during major update, and what can be the consequences
It's not a secret for anyone that statistics can not be transferred with a major upgrade. For small and not heavily loaded databases this is not a problem, you can quickly collect new statistics. But we have databases with a volume of about 5TB and a load of about 100k rps, for which it became a big problem: taking off without statistics, the replicas could not even replay WAL. In my report I'll tell you what tricks we went to upgrade these databases with requirements of 100% read only availability, about what mistakes were made, and about how these errors were painfully corrected. The result of these errors was the extension called "pg_dirty_hands", in which we will collect various hacks, which can be last resort to repair data corruption.