Why do we need 64-bit transaction IDs?
When PostgreSQL was at its formation stage, its transaction ID was chosen to be 32-bit. Back then, no one could imagine that someday we may need more than 4 billion transactions. However, ongoing technical progress and digitization pushed some Postgres instances towards their transaction ID limit. The Postgres community reacted to this with a wraparound of the transaction ID counter. However, constantly growing data volumes exposed PostgreSQL to new challenges. In my presentation, I will cover these challenges and explain how they can be solved with a 64-bit transaction ID, what the consequences will be like, why now it is a good time to implement 64x IDs, and why this hasn't been done previously.